Beethoven Piano Sonata No 17 in d (D minor), op. 31, no. 2: 'The Tempest'!! (The calm before the storm), was the critics reaction to the 17th piano sonata referring to the strange tension created by the contrasting emotions of the work. Written in 1803, but it does not refer to the Shakespeare drama. The title 'Tempest' has been attributed to this sonata because of the way it builds from nothing to something... similar to a storm.
(Enjoy Wilhelm Kempff in Beethoven's Tempest Sonata below)